Dose dependent x-ray luminescence in MgF2: Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors

Wei Chen*, Sarah L. Westcott, Shaopeng Wang, Yuanfang Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


In Mg F2: Mn2+, Eu2+ phosphors, the x-ray excited luminescence from Eu2+ is decreased while the emission from Mn2+ is increased in intensity with the increase of x-ray dose. In Mg F2: Mn2+, the luminescence is also increased, and in MgF2: Eu2+, the emission of Eu2+ is also decreased in intensity with the increase of x-ray dose. However, the intensity changes with x-ray dose in the singly doped Mg F2: Mn2+ and MgF2: Eu2+ phosphors are much less than those in the doubly doped Mg F2: Mn2+, Eu2+ phosphors. The increase of Mn2+ emission in intensity is likely due to the breakdown of the forbidden transition by the defects created by x-ray irradiation. No conversion of Eu2+ ions to Eu3+ ions was observed in MgF2: Eu 2+ phosphors during x-ray irradiation. The decrease of Eu2+ emission in intensity in Mg F2: Mn2+, Eu2+ must be closely related to the interaction and the energy transfer to Mn2+ ions. The phenomenon observed is potentially interesting for the practical applications for radiation detection, as utilizing the ratio of the two emissions from Mn2+ and Eu2+ for radiation detection is more sensitive and more reliable than using emission intensity change only.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113103
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes


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