A neural network enhanced volatility component model

Jia Zhai, Yi Cao, Xiaoquan Liu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Volatility prediction, a central issue in financial econometrics, attracts increasing attention in the data science literature as advances in computational methods enable us to develop models with great forecasting precision. In this paper, we draw upon both strands of the literature and develop a novel two-component volatility model. The realized volatility is decomposed by a nonparametric filter into long- and short-run components, which are modeled by an artificial neural network and an ARMA process, respectively. We use intraday data on four major exchange rates and a Chinese stock index to construct daily realized volatility and perform out-of-sample evaluation of volatility forecasts generated by our model and well-established alternatives. Empirical results show that our model outperforms alternative models across all statistical metrics and over different forecasting horizons. Furthermore, volatility forecasts from our model offer economic gain to a mean-variance utility investor with higher portfolio returns and Sharpe ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)783-797
Number of pages15
JournalQuantitative Finance
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • ARMA process
  • Exchange rates
  • Volatility prediction
  • Wavelet analysis


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