Understanding the interplay of stability and efficiency in A-site engineered lead halide perovskites

Feray Ünlü, Eunhwan Jung, Jinane Haddad, Ashish Kulkarni, Senol Öz, Heechae Choi, Thomas Fischer, Sudip Chakraborty, Thomas Kirchartz, Sanjay Mathur*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


Organic-inorganic hybrid lead halide perovskites have gained significant attention as light-harvesting materials in thin-film photovoltaics due to their exceptional optoelectronic properties and simple fabrication process. The power conversion efficiency of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) has surged beyond 25% in a short time span. Their transition to commercial market is a "work in progress"due to limited long-term operational stability and the persisting environmental concern due to the presence of lead. Comprehensive investigations on the interplay of material composition and interfacial effects on the device performance of PSCs based on methylammonium lead iodide have shown the crucial role of an A-site cation in incipient deterioration of the material through external stimuli (moisture, light, oxygen, or heat). Consequently, a partial or complete replacement of A-site cations by up to four isoelectronic substituents has resulted in many new perovskite compositions. The correlations between the chemical composition and the optoelectronic properties are, however, not always easy to determine. A-site cation management is governed by stability and charge neutrality of the lattice, and the choices include Cs+-cations and organic cations such as CH3NH3+ or CH(NH2)2+ and combinations thereof. Since the size of the cations is an important structural parameter, an adequate compositional engineering of the A-site could effectively optimize the stability by reducing non-radiative defect sites and enhancing carrier lifetimes. This Perspective reflects on the experimental strategies for A-site cation management and their direct impact on the stability and device performance. It also highlights the opportunities and challenges for further research and industrial commercialization of PSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number070901
JournalAPL Materials
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes


Dive into the research topics of 'Understanding the interplay of stability and efficiency in A-site engineered lead halide perovskites'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this