## Abstract

Quasi-abelian categories are abundant in functional analysis and representation theory. It is known that a quasi-abelian category E is a cotilting torsionfree class of an abelian category. In fact, this property characterizes quasi-abelian categories. This ambient abelian category is derived equivalent to the category E, and can be constructed as the heart LH.E/ of a t-structure on the bounded derived category D^{b}.E/ or as the localization of the category of monomorphisms in E. However, there are natural examples of categories in functional analysis which are not quasi-abelian, but merely one-sided quasi-abelian or even weaker. Examples are the category of LB-spaces or the category of complete Hausdorff locally convex spaces. In this paper, we consider additive regular categories as a generalization of quasi-abelian categories that covers the aforementioned examples. Additive regular categories can be characterized as those subcategories of abelian categories which are closed under subobjects. As for quasi-abelian categories, we show that such an ambient abelian category of an additive regular category E can be found as the heart of a t-structure on the bounded derived category D^{b}.E/, or as the localization of the category of monomorphisms of E. In our proof of this last construction, we formulate and prove a version of Auslander’s formula for additive regular categories. Whereas a quasi-abelian category is an exact category in a natural way, an additive regular category has a natural one-sided exact structure. Such a one-sided exact category can be 2-universally embedded into its exact hull. We show that the exact hull of an additive regular category is again an additive regular category.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 439-494 |

Number of pages | 56 |

Journal | Revista Matematica Iberoamericana |

Volume | 39 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2023 |

## Keywords

- Exact category
- regular category
- t-structure