Study on capacity and site planning of large-scale centralized charging stations

Ciwei Gao*, Liang Zhang, Fei Xue, Hongchao Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


The high initial investment of battery, the long charging time, and the negative effect on the power grid due to the electric vehicles' distributed and random charging, are the main factors that limit the development of electric vehicles (EVs). The battery swapping mode actually applies battery leasing model and the slow charging technology, and large-scale centralized charging station can be built to recharge the battery, which has become a competitive way to solve this key problem. As a new-born thing, it is lack of theoretical guidance for the planning and operation of large-scale centralized charging station. Given the regional charging demand and considering the initial investment of equipment and the electric energy cost during the operation period, a capacity planning model for centralized charging station was established. The effectivity of the model was tested by a numerical example. Relative analysis demonstrates that battery demand and charging tariff will have great influence on the capacity planning of the centralized charging station.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-34
Number of pages8
JournalZhongguo Dianji Gongcheng Xuebao/Proceedings of the Chinese Society of Electrical Engineering
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Battery pack demand
  • Battery switching
  • Capacity planning
  • Electric vehicle (EV)
  • Large-scale centralized charging station

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