RgnTX: Colocalization analysis of transcriptome elements in the presence of isoform heterogeneity and ambiguity

Yue Wang, Zhen Wei, Jionglong Su, Frans Coenen, Jia Meng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Colocalization analysis of genomic region sets has been widely adopted to unveil potential functional interactions between corresponding biological attributes, which often serves as the basis for further investigation. A number of methods have been developed for colocalization analysis of genomic elements. However, none of them explicitly considered the transcriptome heterogeneity and isoform ambiguity, making them less appropriate for analyzing transcriptome elements. Here, we developed RgnTX, an R/Bioconductor tool for the colocalization analysis of transcriptome elements with permutation tests. Different from existing approaches, RgnTX directly takes advantage of transcriptome annotation, and offers high flexibility in the null model to simulate realistic transcriptome-wide background, such as the complex alternative splicing patterns. Importantly, it supports the testing of transcriptome elements without clear isoform association, which is often the real scenario due to technical limitations. Proposed package offers a wide selection of pre-defined functions, easy to be utilized by users for visualizing permutation results, calculating shifted z-scores and conducting multiple hypothesis testing under Benjamini-Hochberg correction. Moreover, with synthetic and real datasets, we show that RgnTX novel testing modes return distinct and more significant results compared to existing genome-based methods. We believe RgnTX should make a useful tool to characterize the randomness of the transcriptome, and for conducting statistical association analysis for genomic region sets within the heterogeneous transcriptome. The package now has been accepted by Bioconductor and is freely available at: https://bioconductor.org/packages/RgnTX.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4110-4117
Number of pages8
JournalComputational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
Volume21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Colocalization analysis
  • Isoform ambiguity
  • Multiple hypothesis testing
  • Permutation test
  • RNA methylations
  • Transcriptome

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