Polyvinyl pyrrolidone modified graphene oxide for improving the mechanical, thermal conductivity and solvent resistance properties of natural rubber

Xumin Zhang, Jingyi Wang, Hongbing Jia*, Biao Yin, Lifeng Ding, Zhaodong Xu, Qingmin Ji

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


Polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) was applied to modify graphene oxide (GO) to obtain PVP modified GO (PGO). The PGO/natural rubber (NR) nanocomposites were fabricated by mixing a PGO aqueous dispersion with NR latex, followed by coagulation and vulcanization. The structure of PGO was characterized using atomic force microscopy, solid state 13C NMR, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectra and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The interaction between GO and PVP molecules as well as the effects of PGO on the mechanical properties, thermal conductivity and solvent resistance properties of the NR matrix were thoroughly studied. The results revealed that PVP molecules might interact with GO via hydrogen bonds. With the addition of PGO, the tensile strength, tear strength and thermal conductivity as well as solvent resistance of the PGO/NR nanocomposites increased. The PGO/NR nanocomposite with 5 phr (parts per hundred rubber) PGO had an 81%, 159%, 30% increase in tensile strength, tear strength, thermal conductivity and a 46% decrease in solvent uptake, respectively, compared with pristine NR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54668-54678
Number of pages11
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number60
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Cite this