Molecular simulation studies of hydrogen enriched methane (HEM) storage in Covalent Organic Frameworks

Jiawei Liao, A. Ozgur Yazaydin, Siyuan Yang, Fan Li, Lifeng Ding*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Instead of separating hydrogen and methane mixture, such as synthetic gas, to obtain pure hydrogen and methane as clean fuel, hydrogen enriched methane (abbreviated as HEM) storage in 33 different Covalent Organic Frameworks (COFs) were studied for the first time near ambient temperatures using Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulation. The use of HEM for on-board combustion engine is also known to be able to improve combustion performance as well as decrease noxious emissions. HEM adsorption performance in the COFs was mainly evaluated from three different aspects: volumetric energy density of combustion of stored HEM, gravimetric energy density of combustion of stored HEM and hydrogen selectivity. Several properties of the COFs, such as surface area, porosity, pore size were calculated for establishing the correlation with the HEM adsorption performance. The effect of temperature, initial hydrogen/methane bulk composition and hydrogen and methane/hydrogen's heat of adsorption (HOA) in COFs on the performance of HEM adsorption were also investigated. Our work suggested there exists a complex interplay of the properties of the COFs, temperature and bulk composition which influence the energy density of the adsorbed HEM as well as methane and hydrogen ratio in the adsorbed phase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-146
Number of pages9
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2016


  • Covalent organic framework
  • Hydrogen enriched methane storage
  • Hythane
  • Molecular simulations

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