Gold farmers and water army: Digital playbour with Chinese characteristics

Research output: Chapter in Book or Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The main advantage of the Chinese economy leading to its rapid rise was the importance of low-priced labour. European and North American manufacturing jobs were outsourced to developing countries like China where labour was comparatively weak and defenceless against exploitative practices, while governments emphasised economic growth and fostered a race to the bottom in an effort to better attract multi-national corporations. This coincided with the triumph of neoliberalism in the developed world leading to a general decline of manufacturing jobs and the informatisation of labour in all sectors in advanced industrial countries. Employment in developed countries became increasingly service oriented and technology mediated, while developing countries, and in particular China, moved in the direction of intensive labour-based production.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChina Online
Subtitle of host publicationLocating Society in Online Spaces
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781317611158
ISBN (Print)9781138809291
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


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