Braided fermions from Hurwitz algebras

Niels G. Gresnigt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Some curious structural similarities between a recent braid - and Hurwitz algebraic description of the unbroken internal symmetries for a single generations of Standard Model fermions were recently identified. The non-trivial braid groups that can be represented using the four normed division algebras are B 2 and , exactly those required to represent a single generation of fermions in terms of simple three strand ribbon braids. These braided fermion states can be identified with the basis states of the minimal left ideals of the Clifford algebra Cℓ(6), generated from the nested left actions of the complex octonions on itself. That is, the ribbon spectrum can be related to octonion algebras. Some speculative ideas relating to ongoing research that attempts to construct a unified theory based on braid groups and Hurwitz algebras are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012040
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2019
Event32nd International Colloquium on Group Theoretical Methods in Physics, ICGTMP 2018 - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 9 Jul 201813 Jul 2018


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