AEDNet: Adaptive Edge-Deleting Network For Subgraph Matching

Zixun Lan, Ye Ma, Limin Yu, Linglong Yuan, Fei Ma*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Subgraph matching is to find all subgraphs in a data graph that are isomorphic to an existing query graph. Subgraph matching is an NP-hard problem, yet has found its applications in many areas. Many learning-based methods have been proposed for graph matching, whereas few have been designed for subgraph matching. The subgraph matching problem is generally more challenging, mainly due to the different sizes between the two graphs, resulting in considerable large space of solutions. Also the extra edges existing in the data graph connecting to the matched nodes may lead to two matched nodes of two graphs having different adjacency structures and often being identified as distinct objects. Due to the extra edges, the existing learning based methods often fail to generate sufficiently similar node-level embeddings for matched nodes. This study proposes a novel Adaptive Edge-Deleting Network (AEDNet) for subgraph matching. The proposed method is trained in an end-to-end fashion. In AEDNet, a novel sample-wise adaptive edge-deleting mechanism removes extra edges to ensure consistency of adjacency structure of matched nodes, while a unidirectional cross-propagation mechanism ensures consistency of features of matched nodes. We applied the proposed method on six datasets with graph sizes varying from 20 to 2300. Our evaluations on six open datasets demonstrate that the proposed AEDNet outperforms six state-of-the-arts and is much faster than the exact methods on large graphs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109033
JournalPattern Recognition
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • Graph neural network
  • Neural matching
  • Subgraph matching


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