A simplified human head finite element model for brain injury a ssessment of blunt impacts

M. H.A. Hassan*, Z. Taha, I. Hasanuddin, A. P.P.A. Majeed, H. Mustafa, N. A. Othman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Blunt impacts contribute more than 95% of brain trauma injuries in Malaysia. Modelling and simulation of these impacts are essential in understanding the mechanics of the injuries to develop a protective equipment that might prevent brain trauma. Various finite element models of human head have been developed, ranging from two-dimensional models to very complex three-dimensional models. The aim of this study is to develop a simplified three-dimensional human head model with low computational cost, yet capable of producing reliable brain responses. The influence of different head-neck boundary conditions on the brain responses were also examined. Our model was validated against an experimental work on human cadaver. The model with free head-neck boundary condition was found to be in good agreement with experimental results. The head-neck joint was found to have a significant influence on the brain responses upon impact. Further investigations on the head-neck joint modelling are needed. Our simplified model was successfully validated against experimental data on human cadaver and could be used in simulating blunt impact scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6538-6547
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Blunt impact
  • Brain injury
  • Finite element model
  • Human head
  • Low computational cost


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