A Novel Sensorless Photovoltaic Power Reserve Control with Simple Real-Time MPP Estimation

Xingshuo Li*, Huiqing Wen, Yinxiao Zhu, Lin Jiang, Yihua Hu, Weidong Xiao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)


Power reserve control (PRC) without energy storage becomes essential for modern photovoltaic (PV) power plants to meet the increased ancillary service requirements such as grid frequency support. Conventional PRC strategies show obvious limitations to estimate the available maximum power point (P-{\text{avai}}), such as additional hardware requirements, implementation difficulty, and slow estimation speed. Originated from the linear characteristic of PV curves in the constant current region and a Lambert-W function for voltage linear reference, P-{\text{avai}} is estimated separately in separate steps rather directly measured or estimated. The proposed strategy does not requires any additional hardware such as the irradiance and temperature sensors, which realizes sensorless control with reduced cost. Furthermore, cumbersome procedures of curve fitting with sophisticated operating points sampling and key parameters determination in the real-time P-{\text{avai}} estimation by using the conventional PRC methods can be also eliminated. In this strategy, the operating point with a curtailed power level is allocated at the left-hand side of the MPP, which guarantees the stability of PV systems under varying conditions. The developed strategy exhibits fast speed to estimate P-{\text{avai}}, high robustness, and good compatibility with existing PV systems. Simulation and experimental results under various scenarios are provided to validate the effectiveness of the proposed strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8528496
Pages (from-to)7521-7531
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


  • Active power control (APC)
  • grid frequency support
  • maximum power point tracking (MPPT)
  • photovoltaic (PV)
  • power curtailment
  • power reserve control (PRC)

Cite this