Where Do Social Ties Come From: Institutional Framework and Governmental Tie Distribution among Chinese Managers

Stan Xiao Li*, Xiaotao Yao, Christina Sue-Chan, Youmin Xi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


This study identifies the societal institutional framework as the cause for the tie distribution issue - the sizes of ego-networks of social actors are unevenly distributed across social categories of these social actors. The analysis of 250 Chinese firms showed that managers employed by state-owned enterprises possess more governmental tie channels - conduits to get acquainted with government officials - than those employed by non-state-owned enterprises. Governmental tie channels completely mediated the relationship between ownership types and the number of government ties in the manager's social network.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-124
Number of pages28
JournalManagement and Organization Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Firm ownership
  • Governmental ties
  • Institutional framework
  • Social tie channels
  • Tie possession

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