Voltammetry in sheep's blood: Membrane-free amperometric measurement of O2 concentration

Danlei Li, Christopher Batchelor-McAuley, Richard G. Compton*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


An amperometric method was applied for the electroanalytical measurement of oxygen content in sheep's blood. This method was based on a bare platinum microdisc electrode coupled with the use of chronoamperometry. A linear relationship between the chronoamperometric current and the oxygen concentration was observed in both saline solution and sheep's blood. The developed method was able to measure the oxygen percentage with an error of ca. 1.3% in sheep's blood. In addition, this article presents the first study on direct voltammetry in sheep's blood and a dissociative CE process was proposed to explain the electrochemical behaviour of oxygen reduction in blood on a platinum electrode in which the ‘free’ oxygen was first dissociated from oxyhaemoglobin prior to electron transfer with the magnitude of the observed current controlled by the diffusion of oxyhaemoglobin to the electrode where for sufficiently large electrodes (greater than ca. 1 μm in radius) the dissociation proceeds to completion on the voltammetric timescale allowing quantitative measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123127
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Amperometric sensor
  • Chronoamperometry
  • Membrane free
  • Oxygen sensor
  • Sheep's blood
  • Voltammetry


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