## Abstract

We study neutral fermions pair creation with anomalous magnetic moment from the vacuum by time-independent magnetic-field inhomogeneity as an external background. We show that the problem is technically reduced to the problem of charged-particle creation by an electric step, for which the nonperturbative formulation of strong-field QED is used. We consider a magnetic step given by an analytic function and whose inhomogeneity may vary from a “gradual” to a “sharp” field configuration. We obtain corresponding exact solutions of the Dirac-Pauli equation with this field and calculate pertinent quantities characterizing vacuum instability, such as the differential mean number and flux density of pairs created from the vacuum, vacuum fluxes of energy and magnetic moment. We show that the vacuum flux in one direction is formed from fluxes of particles and antiparticles of equal intensity and with the same magnetic moments parallel to the external field. Backreaction to the vacuum fluxes leads to a smoothing of the magnetic-field inhomogeneity. We also estimate critical magnetic field intensities, near which the phenomenon could be observed.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 46 |

Journal | Journal of High Energy Physics |

Volume | 2021 |

Issue number | 12 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Dec 2021 |

Externally published | Yes |

## Keywords

- Neutrino Physics
- Nonperturbative Effects