V2V routing in a VANET based on the autoregressive integrated moving average model

Gang Sun, Liangjun Song, Hongfang Yu*, Victor Chang, Xiaojiang Du, Mohsen Guizani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)


With the development of vehicle networks, the information transmission between vehicles is becoming increasingly important. Many applications, particularly regarding security, are based on communication between vehicles. These applications have strict requirements for factors such as the quality of communication between vehicles and the time delay. Many theoretical communication protocols ignore the presence of buildings or other obstacles that are present during practical use, especially in urban areas. These obstacles can cause a signal to fade or even block direct communication. Many vehicles are often parked at the roadside. Because of their location, these parked vehicles can be used as relays to effectively reduce the shadowing effect caused by obstacles and even solve communication problems. In this paper, we study the problem of parked-vehicle-assistant relay routing communication in vehicle ad hoc networks. We propose an efficient parked vehicle assistant relay routing algorithm that is composed of four parts: a periodic Hello packet exchange mechanism, candidate relay list update, communication link quality evaluation, and candidate relay list selection. Simulation results reveal obvious advantages for indexes such as the quality of communication, success rate, and time delay.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8556090
Pages (from-to)908-922
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019


  • V2V
  • parked vehicle
  • relay routing
  • shadowing effect


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