Upconversion luminescence from CdSe nanoparticles

Wei Chen, Alan G. Joly, David E. Mccready

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73 Citations (Scopus)


Efficient upconversion luminescence has been observed from CdSe nanoparticles ranging in size from 2.5 to 6 nm. The upconversion luminescence exhibits a near-quadratic laser power dependence. Emissions from both excitons and trap states are observed in the upconversion and photoluminescence spectra, and in the upconversion luminescence the emission from the trap states is enhanced relative to the trap-state emission in the photoluminescence. The upconversion decay lifetimes are slightly longer than the photoluminescence decay lifetimes. Time-resolved spectral measurements indicate that this is due to the involvement of long decay components from surface or trap states. Both the photoluminescence and upconversion luminescence decrease in intensity with increasing temperature due mainly to thermal quenching. All the observations indicate that trap states work as emitters rather than as intermediate states for upconversion luminescence and that two-photon absorption is the likely excitation mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number224708
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes


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