Uncovering applicability of Navicula permitis algae in removing phenolic compounds: A promising solution for olive mill wastewater treatment

Sara Elhamji, Imane Haydari, Karim Sbihi, Khalid Aziz, Jihen Elleuch, Tonni Agustiono Kurniawan*, Zhonghao Chen, Pow Seng Yap, Faissal Aziz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This work identifies Navicula permitis, freshwater diatom algae, by analyzing its 18S DNAr and testing how well it could grow and remove phenolic compounds at varying concentrations from 50 to 250 mg/L. The changes in the culture's chlorophyll fluorescence were measured when being exposed to stress. The biodegradation of phenolic compounds was tested by analyzing the enzyme activities of phenol hydroxlase and catechol dioxygenase in N. permitis. It was found that N. permitis could withstand up to 145.9 mg/L of phenol concentration. The response surface methodology was used to optimize conditions for N. permitis to degrade phenol with 50.08 mg/L of concentration, 106 cells/mL of N. permitis, and 11.38 days of treatment. Phenol removal by the Navicula permitis followed a zero-order kinetic model, and N. permitis used PHase to breakdown the pollutant. The ortho-pathway played a role in phenol metabolism. While degrading phenol, N. permitis produced biomass, which makes it a promising option for environmental remediation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104313
JournalJournal of Water Process Engineering
Volume56
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Biodegradation
  • Enzyme
  • Navicula permitis
  • Recalcitrant compounds

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