Ultraviolet photoelectron spectra of metallofullerenes, two Ca @ C82 isomers

Shojun Hino*, Kazunori Umishita, Kentaro Iwasaki, Masaru Aoki, Kaoru Kobayashi, Shigeru Nagase, T. John S. Dennis, Tomoyasu Nakane, Hisanori Shinohara

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Ultraviolet photoelectron spectra (UPS) of two Ca@C82 isomers (III and IV) were measured with a synchrotron radiation light source. The photoelectron onset energies of isomers III and IV were 0.7 and 0.8 eV below the Fermi level, respectively, which indicates their semiconductive nature. When the excitation energy is tuned, spectral intensity changes as other fullerenes have shown. Their upper valence band (0-5 eV) spectra are different from those of other metallofullerenes such as La@C82,Sc@C82 and Gd@C82 as well as those of empty C82 but their lower valence band spectra (below 5 eV) are almost identical. Comparison between the UPS and ab initio calculation assuming transfer of two electrons from encapsulated calcium atom to the cage (i.e. Ca+2@C822-) suggests C2(c) geometry for isomer III and Cs for isomer IV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-71
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Physics Letters
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2001
Externally publishedYes


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