Treatment of crystal violet and acid green 25 using Fenton process

Pow Seng Yap, Ying Hue Cheah

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2 Citations (Scopus)


The objective of this research was to investigate the application of the Fenton process for the degradation of cationic and anionic dyes, namely crystal violet (CV) and acid green 25 (AG 25), respectively. The operational parameters investigated were the effect of initial concentration of dye, effect of Fe2+ concentration, effect of H2O2 concentration, effect of solution pH and effect of solution matrix such as methanol (CH3OH), ethanol (C2H5OH), oxalate (C2O4 2-), chloride (Cl-), nitrate (NO3 -), sulfate (SO4 2-) and combined inorganic anion species. The mechanism for dyes removal was due to the generation of hydroxyl radicals (•OH) which are produced by the reaction of ferrous ion (Fe2+) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). The optimum conditions which achieved the highest degradation efficiency of 5 mg/L CV and 5 mg/L AG 25 were 5 mg/L Fe2+, 50 mg/L H2O2, initial solution pH 3 and room temperature. At 20 min of Fenton oxidative treatment, the degradation efficiencies of CV and AG 25 were 99.67% and 97.17%, respectively. Presence of CH3OH, C2H5OH and C2O4 2- significantly decreased the degradation efficiency of CV as compared to presence of other solution matrix and combined species. Interestingly, the addition of organic solvent namely CH3OH had resulted in increased degradation efficiency of AG 25 instead of inhibiting the degradation reaction. Kinetic rate constant of reaction (k) and coefficient of determination (R2) for the optimum experimental conditions for the degradation of CV and AG 25 were 0.1415 min-1 and 0.9819 (first-order reaction) and 0.3517 Lmg-1min-1 and 0.9756 (second-order reaction), respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012053
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event11th Curtin University Technology, Science and Engineering International Conference, CUTSE 2018 - Miri, Sarawak, Malaysia
Duration: 26 Nov 201828 Nov 2018


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