Towards a taxonomy for in-vehicle interactions using wearable smart textiles: Insights from a user-elicitation study

Vijayakumar Nanjappan, Rongkai Shi, Hai Ning Liang*, Kim King Tong Lau, Yong Yue, Katie Atkinson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Textiles are a vital and indispensable part of our clothing that we use daily. They are very flexible, often lightweight, and have a variety of application uses. Today, with the rapid developments in small and flexible sensing materials, textiles can be enhanced and used as input devices for interactive systems. Clothing-based wearable interfaces are suitable for in-vehicle controls. They can combine various modalities to enable users to perform simple, natural, and efficient interactions while minimizing any negative effect on their driving. Research on clothing-based wearable in-vehicle interfaces is still underexplored. As such, there is a lack of understanding of how to use textile-based input for in-vehicle controls. As a first step towards filling this gap, we have conducted a user-elicitation study to involve users in the process of designing in-vehicle interactions via a fabric-based wearable device. We have been able to distill a taxonomy of wrist and touch gestures for in-vehicle interactions using a fabric-based wrist interface in a simulated driving setup. Our results help drive forward the investigation of the design space of clothing-based wearable interfaces for in-vehicle secondary interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number33
JournalMultimodal Technologies and Interaction
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019


  • Fabric-based wrist interfaces
  • In-vehicle interactions
  • User-elicitation
  • Wearable interfaces

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