Topology optimization of natural convection using porous metal foam based on the adjoint lattice Boltzmann method and level set method

Ji Wang Luo, Li Chen*, Yang Xia, Xinjian Zheng, Wen Quan Tao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, the level-set based topology optimization (TO) method for optimizing the distribution of porous metal foam in the fully-coupled natural convection system is developed. The respective adjoint lattice Boltzmann (LB) model and the sensitivity expression are derived. The forward LB model is validated by natural convection in cavity partially filled with porous medium and the TO method is validated by the pipe bend optimization problem. The validated TO method is utilized to design the two-dimensional passive heat sink made up of metal foam. It is found that the optimized design can approach the heat transfer enhancement of the conventional design with 100% filling while using only 40% material. For the base case, the average Nusselt number can be increased by 3.96∼6.74 times with the optimized designs mounted on the heating element when the Grashof number ranges from 15.7 to 2.8 × 104. Effects of increasing the Darcy number, decreasing the thermal conductivity ratio and decreasing the maximum foam volume fraction on the optimized designs and the heat transfer performance are discussed in detail. The two-dimensional TO structures are further stretched to three-dimension for further verification, and a 13.1%∼41.4% lower temperature than the conventional design is achieved by the optimized designs, indicating the superiority of the TO method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106007
JournalComputers and Fluids
Volume265
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Lattice Boltzmann method
  • Level set method
  • Metal foam
  • Natural convection
  • Porous media
  • Topology optimization

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