Three-Coordinate Organoboron Compounds BAr2R (Ar = Mesityl, R = 7-Azaindolyl- or 2,2′-Dipyridylamino-Functionalized Aryl or Thienyl) for Electroluminescent Devices and Supramolecular Assembly

Wen Li Jia, Dong Ren Bai, Theresa McCormick, Qin De Liu, Michael Motala, Rui Yao Wang, Corey Seward, Ye Tao, Suning Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

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196 Citations (Scopus)


Eight novel three-coordinate boron compounds with the general formula BAr2L, in which Ar is mesityl and L is a 7-azaindolyl- or a 2,2′-dipyridylamino-functionalized aryl or thienyl ligand, have been synthesized by Suzuki coupling, Ullmann condensation methods, or simple substitution reactions (L = p-(2,2′-dipyridylamino)-phenyl, 1; p-(2,2′-dipyridylamino)biphenyl, 2; p-(7-azaindolyl)phenyl, 3; p-(7-azaindolyl) biphenyl, 4; 3,5-bis(2,2′-dipyridylamino) phenyl, 5; 3,5-bis(7-azaindolyl) phenyl, 6; p-[3,5-bis(2,2′-dipyridylamino) phenyl]phenyl, 7; 5-[p-(2, 2′-dipyridylamino)phenyl]-2-thienyl, 8). The structures of 1, 3, and 5-7 have been determined by X-ray diffraction analyses. These new boron compounds are bright blue emitters. Electroluminescent devices using compound 2 or 8 as the emitter and the electron-transport layer have been successfully fabricated. Molecular orbital calculations (Gaussian 98) have established that the blue emission of compounds 1-8 originates from charge transfer between the πorbital of the ligand L and the pπ orbital of the boron center. The ability of these boron compounds to bind to metal centers to form supramolecular assemblies was demonstrated by treatment of compound 2 with Zn(O2CCF3)2, which generated a 1:1 chelate complex {2·Zn(O2CCF3)2} (10), and also by treatment of compound 4 with AgNO3, yielding a 2:1 coordination compound {(4)2·Ag(NO3} (11). In the solid state, compounds 10 and 11 form interesting head-to-head and tail-to-tail extended structures that host solvent molecules such as benzene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)994-1006
Number of pages13
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Blue emitter
  • Boron
  • Coordination chemistry
  • Luminescence
  • N ligands
  • OLEDs

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