The interaction of a single laser-generated cavity in water with a solid surface

S. J. Shaw*, Y. H. Jin, W. P. Schiffers, D. C. Emmony

*Corresponding author for this work

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41 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reexamines the collapse of a cavity in water and its role in possible damage processes. Laser-generated cavities were formed near to a water-solid boundary and simultaneous observations made of the collapse processes and stresses on the solid surface. Using schlieren photography and a thin film transducer on the solid, the importance of fluid flow to induced material stress was determined. The stresses in the solid were also observed using dynamic photoelasticity. The cavity deformation in the collapse phase was observed with high spatial and temporal resolution. Two distinct surface stresses were observed associated with bubble collapse near the boundary. The results indicate that one was due to a shock wave. It is postulated that the second stress was associated with fluid flow through the bubble, set up by the so-called 'liquid jet' as opposed to jet impact on its own.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2811-2824
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1996
Externally publishedYes

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