Synthesis of Piperazic Acid-Containing Cyclodepsipeptide Core of Verucopeptin

Yuanjun Sun, Wenhao Tang, Mei Wang, Huxin Ni, Ya Qiu Long*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Chemically, N1 nitrogen of piperazic acid is more nucleophilic than N2 nitrogen, but amide bonds predominantly formed at N2 nitrogen are prevalent in piperazic acid-containing natural products, with only one exception of sanglifehrin. Thus two orthogonal protecting groups of nitrogen are often employed to realize selective coupling of N2 nitrogen, resulting in increased synthetic steps and low synthetic efficiency. However, we develop selective deprotection of N2-Cbz from the N1,N2-diCbz-piperazic acid-containing peptide to form the N2 amide exclusively, avoiding the tedious orthogonal protection strategy which is commonly applied when the easily-accessible N1,N2-diCbz-piperazic acid is used as the synthetic module. We employ this selective-deprotection strategy to achieve an efficient synthesis of piperazic acid-containing cyclodepsipeptide core of verucopeptin with an overall yield of 21% from commercially/readily available building blocks. The key steps include late stage coupling of piperazic acid with 3-hydroxyleucine derivatives, and HATU-mediated macrolactamization of 19-membered macrocycle at N9 and C10. The selective deprotection of N2-Cbz from the N1,N2-diCbz-piperazic acid at late-stage would greatly facilitate the total syntheses of piperazic acid-containing cyclodepsipeptides of biological interest. (Figure presented.).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2077-2081
Number of pages5
JournalChinese Journal of Chemistry
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Natural products
  • Piperazic acid
  • Regioselectivity
  • Total synthesis
  • Verucopeptin


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