Streptomyces wadayamensis MppP is a PLP-Dependent Oxidase, Not an Oxygenase

Lanlan Han, Nemanja Vuksanovic, Sarah A. Oehm, Tyler G. Fenske, Alan W. Schwabacher, Nicholas R. Silvaggi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The PLP-dependent l-arginine hydroxylase/deaminase MppP from Streptomyces wadayamensis (SwMppP) is involved in the biosynthesis of l-enduracididine, a nonproteinogenic amino acid found in several nonribosomally produced peptide antibiotics. SwMppP uses only PLP and molecular oxygen to catalyze a 4-electron oxidation of l-arginine to form a mixture of 2-oxo-4(S)-hydroxy-5-guanidinovaleric acid and 2-oxo-5-guanidinovaleric acid. Steady-state kinetics analysis in the presence and absence of catalase shows that one molecule of peroxide is formed for every molecule of dioxygen consumed in the reaction. Moreover, for each molecule of 2-oxo-4(S)-hydroxy-5-guanidinovaleric acid produced, two molecules of dioxygen are consumed, suggesting that both the 4-hydroxy and 2-keto groups are derived from water. This was confirmed by running the reactions using either [18]O2 or H2 [18]O and analyzing the products by ESI-MS. Incorporation of [18]O was only observed when the reaction was performed in H2 [18]O. Crystal structures of SwMppP with l-arginine, 2-oxo-4(S)-hydroxy-5-guanidinovaleric acid, or 2-oxo-5-guanidinovaleric acid bound were determined at resolutions of 2.2, 1.9. and 1.8 Å, respectively. The structural data show that the N-terminal portion of the protein is disordered unless substrate or product is bound in the active site, in which case it forms a well-ordered helix that covers the catalytic center. This observation suggested that the N-terminal helix may have a role in substrate binding and/or catalysis. Our structural and kinetic characterizations of N-terminal variants show that the N-terminus is critical for catalysis. In light of this new information, we have refined our previously proposed mechanism of the SwMppP-catalyzed oxidation of l-arginine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3252-3264
Number of pages13
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes


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