Single-Source to Single-Target Cross-Subject Motor Imagery Classification Based on Multisubdomain Adaptation Network

Yi Chen, Rui Yang*, Mengjie Huang*, Zidong Wang, Xiaohui Liu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


In the electroencephalography (EEG) based cross-subject motor imagery (MI) classification task, the device and subject problems can cause the time-related data distribution shift problem. In a single-source to single-target (STS) MI classification task, such a shift problem will certainly provoke an increase in the overall data distribution difference between the source and target domains, giving rise to poor classification accuracy. In this paper, a novel multi-subdomain adaptation method (MSDAN) is proposed to solve the shift problem and improve the classification accuracy of the traditional approaches. In the proposed MSDAN, the adaptation losses in both class-related and time-related subdomains (that are divided by different data labels and session labels) are obtained by measuring the distribution differences between the source and target subdomains. Then, the adaptation and classification losses in the loss function of MSDAN are minimized concurrently. To illustrate the application value of the proposed method, our method is applied to solve the STS MI classification task about data analysis with respect to the brain-computer interface (BCI) competition III-IVa dataset. The resultant experiment results demonstrate that compared with other well-known domain adaptation and deep learning methods, the proposed method is capable of solving the time-related data distribution problem at higher classification accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1992-2002
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Electroencephalography classification
  • motor imagery
  • multi-subdomain adaptation
  • single-source to single-target
  • time-related distribution shift


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