Sensitive and selective NH3 monitoring at room temperature using ZnO ceramic nanofibers decorated with poly(Styrene sulfonate)

Rafaela S. Andre, Dongwook Kwak, Qiuchen Dong, Wei Zhong, Daniel S. Correa*, Luiz H.C. Mattoso, Yu Lei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


Ammonia (NH3) gas is a prominent air pollutant that is frequently found in industrial and livestock production environments. Due to the importance in controlling pollution and protecting public health, the development of new platforms for sensing NH3 at room temperature has attracted great attention. In this study, a sensitive NH3 gas device with enhanced selectivity is developed based on zinc oxide nanofibers (ZnO NFs) decorated with poly(styrene sulfonate) (PSS) and operated at room temperature. ZnO NFs were prepared by electrospinning followed by calcination at 500 °C for 3 h. The electrospun ZnO NFs are characterized to evaluate the properties of the as-prepared sensing materials. The loading of PSS to prepare ZnO NFs/PSS composite is also optimized based on the best sensing performance. Under the optimal composition, ZnO NFs/PSS displays rapid, reversible, and sensitive response upon NH3 exposure at room temperature. The device shows a dynamic linear range up to 100 ppm and a limit of detection of 3.22 ppm and enhanced selectivity toward NH3 in synthetic air, against NO2 and CO, compared to pure ZnO NFs. Additionally, a sensing mechanism is proposed to illustrate the sensing performance using ZnO NFs/PSS composite. Therefore, this study provides a simplemethodology to design a sensitive platformfor NH3 monitoring at roomtemperature.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1058
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Good sensitivity
  • NH sensor
  • PSS
  • Room temperature sensing
  • ZnO NFs

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