Relationship Between Match Loading and Decisions Error Among Top-Class European Soccer Leagues Referees

Rabiu Muazu Musa, Anwar P. P. Abdul Majeed*, Mohamad Razali Abdullah, Garry Kuan, Mohd Azraai Mohd Razman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book or Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


In this chapter, we investigated the association between the number of matches officiated and decisions error among European soccer league referees. It is revealed from the finding of the study that a set of decision error indicators, namely decisions which led to disputes, foul not detected, offside not detected, as well as goal disallowed, differ significantly between high and low fixtures load referees in terms of errors committed. It has also been shown that referees of fixtures with high load committed more errors than those with low load. Moreover, an artificial neural network analysis was found to be somewhat effective in classifying the two groups of referees examined in the study.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Publication series

NameSpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology
ISSN (Print)2191-530X
ISSN (Electronic)2191-5318


  • Artificial neural network
  • Decisions error indicators
  • European soccer leagues
  • Match officials
  • Referees fixture
  • Video assistant referee


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