Redeveloping the Historic Urban Ensemble: The Case of the King Abdulaziz Historic Center, Arriyadh Saudi Arabia

Deborah A. Middleton*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book or Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Historic urban districts increasingly depend on landscape design strategies to balance the conservation and development paradigm. This study characterizes the way landscape design may construct tangible and intangible visitor experiences by structuring movement, spatial visibility, and social place making. Ethnographic observation of visitor behavior in the King Abdulaziz Historic Center is linked to space syntax axial and visibility graph analysis (VGA) of spatial configuration and Deleuze and Guattaris’ concepts of assemblage and decentered models of productive space. The new and historic building ensembles are found to be activated by the landscape design as a dialogical network and assemblage, enabling visitors to construct unique sequences of spatial exploration and cultural–social experience, organizing milieus and territories to produce culture.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCities' Identity Through Architecture and Arts
Subtitle of host publicationAdvances in Science, Technology & Innovation IEREK Interdisciplinary Series for Sustainable Development
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameAdvances in Science, Technology and Innovation
ISSN (Print)2522-8714
ISSN (Electronic)2522-8722


  • Assemblage
  • Deleuze and Guattaris
  • Dialogical network
  • Historic building ensemble
  • Landscape design
  • Social co-presence
  • Space syntax
  • Spatial configuration
  • Spatial use
  • Tangible and intangible qualities
  • Urban analysis
  • Visual experience


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