Prediction of harbour vessel fuel consumption based on machine learning approach

Zhong Shuo Chen, Jasmine Siu Lee Lam*, Zengqi Xiao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Fuel consumption influences both the economic and environmental perspectives of shipping. With the help of machine learning, meaningful knowledge and complex relationships can be extracted from high-dimensional historical data. In this study, machine learning models were developed to predict the fuel consumption of harbour vessels with ship-related and meteorological factors. The superiority of machine learning models over statistical linear regression model (Ridge regression) has been proved. This study further investigated whether the use of meteorological factors enhances the prediction of fuel consumption. A case study on the prediction of tugboat fuel consumption was conducted. The Random Forest model outperformed the other models. Comparative experiments showed that meteorological factors collectively add value to the fuel consumption prediction, which enhances the accuracy from 0.7 to 38.9%. The potential uses of the prediction results are highlighted in terms of both operational management and environmental evaluation aspects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114483
JournalOcean Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Fuel consumption prediction
  • Harbour vessel
  • Machine learning
  • Meteorological factors
  • Random forest


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