Porous ceramics based on yttrium and scandium-cerium doped ZrO2 with fluorite structure: Impact of chromium on conductivity

Xiaomei Zhang, Elena Yu Konysheva*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The total conductivity of the compositions containing Zr0.890.1Ce0.01О2 or Zr0.92Y0.08О2 powders and Cr2O3 was studied to evaluate a potential impact of the chromium deposition on the surface of electrolyte grains in the porous composite cathode. The compositions were fabricated in the corresponding ratios: (100-х) mol% Zr0.890.1Ce0.01О2 - х mol% CrO1.5 (10Sc1CeSZ-Cr) and (100-х) mol% Zr0.92Y0.08О2 - х mol% CrO1.5 (8YSZ-Cr) with х = 0.25, 0.5, 1, and 2. Porous ceramic Zr0.890.1Ce0.01О2 with 49% relative density exhibits higher conductivity than Zr0.92Y0.08О2. In general, a small addition of chromium decreases the conductivity of Zr0.890.1Ce0.01О2 and Zr0.92Y0.08О2, although the values of the conductivity change in a non-linear way, reaching minimum for 10Sc1CeSZ-Cr1 and 8YSZ-Cr0.25 compositions. This is accompanied by the decrease in the activation energy of the conductivity from 1.35 eV to 1.19 eV in the 10Sc1CeSZ-Cr series and from 1.28 eV to 1.19 eV in the 8YSZ-Cr series with the rise in the chromium content. Evolution of the conductivity values is associated with the interstitial incorporation of chromium into the fluorite structure as well as with its segregation on the surface of grains and grain boundaries. Chromium coexists in the multivalent states (Cr3+ and Cr6+) on the surface of grains. Considering a long-term operation of the SOFC system, one could suggest that Zr0.890.1Ce0.01О2 will show more promising transport characteristics in the presence of the chromium containing interconnects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalSolid State Ionics
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018


  • Chromium containing compositions
  • Conductivity
  • Porous ceramic
  • Solid electrolytes


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