Performance of rubberised reinforced concrete members under cyclic loading

A. Y. Elghazouli*, D. V. Bompa, B. Xu, A. M. Ruiz‐Teran, P. J. Stafford

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents an experimental investigation into the cyclic behaviour of reinforced concrete members incorporating a significant proportion of recycled rubber particles as a replacement for mineral aggregates. Tests were carried out on thirteen large scale members of circular cross-section, with and without external confinement, and with different proportions of rubber content and axial loads. The specimens were subjected to inelastic lateral cyclic displacements and predefined levels of co-existing axial loading. After describing the testing arrangement and specimen details, the main results and observations are provided and discussed. The test results enable a direct comparative assessment of the key response characteristics of the specimens, with focus on stiffness properties and strength interaction, as well as ductility and energy dissipation. It is shown that rubberised reinforced concrete members can offer a good balance between bending capacity and ductility in comparison with conventional reinforced concrete members, particularly for low levels of axial loads. In the presence of relatively high axial loading and when a significant proportion of rubber content is used, external confinement such as through FRP sheets as employed in this study, can be adopted to recover the required capacity and to provide highly stable hysteretic response. The implications of the findings on the use of rubberised reinforced concrete members in practice, and procedures that can be used to determine the main design parameters, are also highlighted within the discussions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)526-545
Number of pages20
JournalEngineering Structures
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Cyclic response
  • Inelastic behaviour
  • RC members
  • Rubberised concrete

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