One Symbol Blind Synchronization in SIMO Molecular Communication Systems

Zhan Luo, Lin Lin*, Weisi Guo, Siyi Wang, Fuqiang Liu, Hao Yan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Molecular communication offers new possibilities in the micro- and nano-scale application environments. Similar to other communication paradigms, molecular communication also requires clock synchronization between the transmitter and the receiver nanomachine in many time- and control-sensitive applications. This letter presents a novel high-efficiency blind clock synchronization mechanism. Without knowing the channel parameters of the diffusion coefficient and the transmitter-receiver distance, the receiver only requires one symbol to achieve synchronization. The samples are used to estimate the propagation delay by least square method and achieve clock synchronization. Single-input multiple-output diversity design is then proposed to mitigate channel noise and therefore to improve the synchronization accuracy. The simulation results show that the proposed clock synchronization mechanism has a good performance and may help chronopharmaceutical drug delivery applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8258977
Pages (from-to)530-533
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Wireless Communications Letters
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018


  • Clock synchronization
  • molecular communication
  • multiple antennas
  • nanomachine


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