On some combinatorial sequences associated to invariant theory

Alin Bostan, Jordan Tirrell, Bruce W. Westbury, Yi Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We study the enumerative and analytic properties of some sequences constructed using tensor invariant theory. The octant sequences are constructed from the exceptional Lie group G2 and the quadrant sequences from the special linear group SL(3). In each case we show that the corresponding sequences are related by binomial transforms. The first three octant sequences and the first four quadrant sequences are listed in the On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences (OEIS). These sequences all have interpretations as enumerating two-dimensional lattice walks but for the octant sequences the boundary conditions are unconventional. These sequences are all P-recursive and we give the corresponding recurrence relations. In all cases the associated differential operators are of third order and have the remarkable property that they can be solved to give closed formulae for the ordinary generating functions in terms of classical Gaussian hypergeometric functions. Moreover, we show that the octant sequences and the quadrant sequences are related by the branching rules for the inclusion of SL(3) in G2.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103554
JournalEuropean Journal of Combinatorics
Volume105
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

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