Novel bioactivity of NHERF1 in corneal neovascularization

Peng Chen, Yiqiang Wang*, Ye Wang*, Lingling Yang, Changyou Li, Yao Wang*, Lixin Xie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Purpose: This paper aimed to determine the involvement of Na +/H+ exchanger regulatory factor 1 (NHERF1) in experimental murine corneal neovascularization (NV), and to study the effect of NHERF1 on the biological properties of HUVEC and related mechanisms. Methods: Using loss- and gain-function, we investigated the biological effects of NHERF1 on HUVEC. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of NHERF1 in cells. A carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE) labeling assay and scarification test were used to measure the proliferation and migration activity, respectively, of HUVEC. The cell cycle distribution of the cells was assessed by flow cytometry analysis. The effect of NHERF1 on the phosphorylation levels of Akt and the changes of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 levels were detected by western blotting analysis. Change in the NHERF1 expression in the alkali burn-induced corneal NV model was detected by microarray, real-time PCR, and immunofluorescence. Results: Overexpression of exogenous NHERF1 in HUVEC slightly inhibited the proliferation and significantly reduced the migration of the cells. NHERF1 also significantly downregulated Akt1 phosphorylation induced by platelet-derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB) and the secretion of MMP-2 and MMP-9 compared with control cells. NHERF1 was upregulated in corneas challenged with alkali burns. Conclusions: Our results indicated that NHERF1 might serve as a potential target for manipulating neovascularizationrelated diseases. This discovery contributes to a better understanding of the bioactivity of NHERF1 in angiogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1615-1625
Number of pages11
JournalGraefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Akt1
  • Bioactivity
  • Corneal neovascularization
  • Migration
  • NHERF1
  • Proliferation


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