Multiscale Evaluation of Mechanical Properties for Metal-Coated Lattice Structures

Lizhe Wang, Liu He, Xiang Wang, Sina Soleimanian, Yanqing Yu, Geng Chen*, Ji Li, Min Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


With the combination of 3D printing and electroplating technique, metal-coated resin lattice is a viable way to achieve lightweight design with desirable responses. However, due to high structural complexity, mechanical analysis of the macroscopic lattice structure demands high experimental or numerical costs. To efficiently investigate the mechanical behaviors of such structure, in this paper a multiscale numerical method is proposed to study the effective properties of the metal-coated Body-Centered-Cubic (BCC) lattices. Unlike studies of a similar kind in which the effective parameters can be predicted from a single unit cell model, it is noticed that the size effect of representative volume element (RVE) is severe and an insensitive prediction can be only obtained from models containing multiple-unit-cells. To this end, the paper determines the minimum number of unit cells in single RVE. Based on the proposed method that is validated through the experimental comparison, parametric studies are conducted to estimate the impact of strut diameter and coating film thickness on structural responses. It is shown that the increase of volume fraction may improve the elastic modulus and specific modulus remarkably. In contrast, the increase of thickness of coating film only leads to monotonously increased elastic modulus. For this reason, there should be an optimal coating film thickness for the specific modulus of the lattice structure. This work provides an effective method for evaluating structural mechanical properties via the mesoscopic model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106
JournalChinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering (English Edition)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • Elastic and specific modulus
  • Homogenization theory
  • Metal-coated lattice
  • Parametric study


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