Multi-strategy Grey Wolf Optimizer for Engineering Problems and Sewage Treatment Prediction

Chenhua Tang, Changcheng Huang*, Yi Chen, Ali Asghar Heidari, Shuihua Wang, Huiling Chen*, Yudong Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Grey wolf optimizer (GWO) is a highly valued heuristic algorithm in many fields. However, for some complex problems, especially high-dimensional and multimodal problems, the basic algorithm has limited computational power and cannot get a satisfactory answer. In order to find a better solution, an improved algorithm based on GWO is proposed herein. Gaussian barebone, random selection and chaotic game mechanisms are introduced into the GWO algorithm to enhance the global search ability. The GWO enhanced by three mechanisms is called CBRGWO. To verify the performance of CBRGWO, using IEEE CEC 2017 as a test function, CBRGWO is compared to five GWO variants, five basic algorithms, six advanced algorithms, and four champion algorithms. CBRGWO is evaluated using the Friedman test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Then, the stability of CBRGWO is analyzed. To verify that CBRGWO is still effective in practical application, CBRGWO is applied to five engineering problems and a water quality prediction problem. The experimental findings indicate that CBRGWO maintains excellent optimization ability in practical engineering problems.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Intelligent Systems
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024


  • constrained real-world engineering problems
  • grey wolf optimizer
  • metaheuristic algorithms
  • random selection mechanisms
  • sewage treatment problems


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