Mid- and long-term strategy based on electric vehicle charging unpredictability and ownership estimation

Hui Hwang Goh*, Lian Zong, Dongdong Zhang, Hui Liu, Wei Dai, Chee Shen Lim, Tonni Agustiono Kurniawan, Kenneth Tze Kin Teo, Kai Chen Goh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Predicting the charging load of electric vehicles (EVs) is critical for the safe and reliable operation of the distribution network. Analyzing an EV's random charging characteristics and the uncertainty associated with its development scale are important to accurate prediction of its charging load. For this reason, we proposed a seminal method for predicting EV charging load based on stochastic uncertainty analysis. This included not only a probabilistic load model for describing the stochastic characteristics of the EV charging, but also an ownership forecasting model for estimating the EV development scale. EVs are classified into four categories based on their intended use: electric buses, electric taxis, private EVs, and official EVs. The corresponding load calculation model was developed by analyzing the charging behavior of various EVs. Simultaneously, the improved grey model method (IGMM) based on the Fourier residual correction is used to accurately forecast EV ownership. Finally, the scientific method of Monte Carlo simulation(MCS) was used to estimate the charging load demand of EVs. This method was used in Wuhan that has a lot of potential for EV production. As compared to the basic grey model method (BGMM), the IGMM outlined in this work can triple the prediction effect. Due to the large-scale charging of EVs, Wuhan's maximum daily total load would rise to 15,532.9 MW on working days and 15,475.5 MW on rest days in 2025. Additionally, the total load curves on working days and rest days will show a new peak load with the value of 14751.3 MW and 14787.2 MW at 14:01, resulting in an increase of 13.56% and 13.83% respectively in the basic daily load stage. As a result, it is necessary for grid operators to build adequate capacity to meet EV charging demands, while developing rational and orderly charging strategies to avoid the emergence of new load peaks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108240
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Charging load
  • Electric vehicle
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • Ownership forecasting model
  • Probabilistic load model


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