Microstructural control of new intercalation layered titanoniobates with large and reversible d-spacing for easy Na+ ion uptake

Hyunjung Park, Jiseok Kwon, Heechae Choi, Taeseup Song, Ungyu Paik*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Key issues for Na-ion batteries are the development of promising electrode materials with favorable sites for Na+ ion intercalation/deintercalation and an understanding of the reaction mechanisms due to its high activation energy and poor electrochemical reversibility. We first report a layered H0.43Ti0.93Nb1.07O5 as a new anode material. This anode material is engineered to have dominant (200) and (020) planes with both a sufficiently large d-spacing of ~8.3 Å and two-dimensional ionic channels for easy Na+ ion uptake, which leads to a small volume expansion of ~0.6 Å along the c direction upon Na insertion (discharging) and the lowest energy barrier of 0.19 eV in the [020] plane among titanium oxide–based materials ever reported. The material intercalates and deintercalates reversibly 1.7 Na ions (~200 mAh g−1) without a capacity fading in a potential window of 0.01 to 3.0 V versus Na/Na+. Na insertion/deinsertion takes place through a solid-solution reaction without a phase separation, which prevents coherent strain or stress in the microstructure during cycling and ensures promising sodium storage properties. These findings demonstrate a great potential of H0.43Ti0.93Nb1.07O5 as the anode, and our strategy can be applied to other layered metal oxides for promising sodium storage properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1700509
JournalScience Advances
Volume3
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

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