Measurement of expansion factor and distortion for expansion microscopy using isolated renal glomeruli as landmarks

Chen Zhu, Aidong Wang, Lili Chen, Liangsheng Guo, Jiajia Ye, Qilin Chen, Qi Wang, Guojia Yao, Qin Xia, Tianyu Cai, Jiayun Guo, Zhenyu Yang, Zhenglong Sun, Yuwei Xu, Guoyuan Lu, Zexin Zhang, Jingyuan Cao*, Ying Liu*, Huizhong Xu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Expansion microscopy has enabled super resolution imaging of biological samples. The accurate measurement of expansion factor and distortion typically requires locating and imaging the same region of interest in the sample before and after expansion, which is often time-consuming to achieve. Here we introduce a convenient method for relocation by utilizing isolated porcine glomeruli as landmarks during expansion. Following heat denaturation and proteinase K digestion protocols, the glomeruli exhibit expansion factor of 3.5 to 4 (only 7%-16% less expanded than the hydrogel), and 1% to 2% of relative distortion. Due to its appropriate size of 100 to 300 μm, the location of the glomerulus in the sample are visible to eyes, while its detailed shape only requires bright field microscopy. For expansion factors ranging from 3 to 10, the region in the vicinity of the glomerulus can be easily re-identified, and sometimes allows quantification of expansion factor and distortion under bright field without fluorescent labels.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202100001
JournalJournal of Biophotonics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • expansion factor
  • expansion microscopy
  • glomerulus
  • super resolution


Dive into the research topics of 'Measurement of expansion factor and distortion for expansion microscopy using isolated renal glomeruli as landmarks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this