Machine learning for genetic prediction of chemotherapy toxicity in cervical cancer

Lu Guo, Wei Wang, Xiaodong Xie, Shuihua Wang, Yudong Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) is frequently treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT), which includes paclitaxel and platinum. However, the development of severe chemotherapy toxicity is a barrier to successful NACT. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/serine/threonine kinase (AKT) pathway is related to the occurrence of chemotherapeutic toxicity. In this research work, we employ a random forest (RF) machine learning model to forecast NACT toxicity (neurological, gastrointestinal, and hematological reactions). Materials and Methods: Twenty-four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the PI3K/AKT pathway from 259 LACC patients were used to construct a dataset. Following the data preprocessing, the RF model was trained. The Mean Decrease in Impurity approach was adopted to evaluate the relevance of 70 selected genotypes' importance by comparing chemotherapy toxicity grades 1–2 vs. 3. Results: In the Mean Decrease in Impurity analysis, neurological toxicity was much more likely to occur in LACC patients with homozygous AA in Akt2 rs7259541 than in those with AG or GG genotypes. The CT genotype of PTEN rs532678 and the CT genotype of Akt1 rs2494739 increased the risk of neurological toxicity. The top three loci were rs4558508, rs17431184, and rs1130233, which were attributed to an elevated risk of gastrointestinal toxicity. LACC patients who had heterozygous AG in Akt2 rs7259541 exhibited an obviously greater risk of hematological toxicity than those who had AA or GG genotypes. And the CT genotype for Akt1 rs2494739 and the CC genotype in PTEN rs926091 showed a tendency to increase the risk of suffering from hematological toxicity. Conclusion: Akt2 rs7259541 and rs4558508, Akt1 rs2494739 and rs1130233, PTEN rs532678, rs17431184, and rs926091 polymorphisms are associated with different toxic effects during the chemotherapy treatment of LACC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114518
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
Volume161
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy toxicity
  • Locally advanced cervical cancer
  • Machine learning
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
  • PI3K/AKT pathway
  • Random forest
  • Single nucleotide polymorphisms

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Machine learning for genetic prediction of chemotherapy toxicity in cervical cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this