Life-cycle selenium accumulation and its correlations with the rhizobacteria and endophytes in the hyperaccumulating plant Cardamine hupingshanensis

Huawei Zang, Xinzhao Tong, Linxi Yuan*, Ying Zhang, Ru Zhang, Miao Li, Renbin Zhu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Cardamine hupingshanensis (C. hupingshanensis) is known for its ability to hyperaccumulate selenium (Se). However, the roles of the rhizobacteria or endophytes in Se hyperaccumulation have not been explored in C. hupingshanensis. Here, in-situ-like pot experiments were conducted to investigate the characteristics of Se accumulation throughout C. hupingshanensis growth stages and its correlations with rhizobacteria and endophytes under varying soil Se levels. Results showed that Se levels in roots, stems and leaves increased from the seedling to bolting stage, but remained relatively stable during the flowering and maturity. Leaves exhibited the highest Se levels (736.48 ± 6.51 mg/kg DW), followed by stems (575.39 ± 27.05 mg/kg DW), and lowest in roots (306.62 ± 65.45 mg/kg DW) under high-Se stress. The Se translocation factors from soils to C. hupingshanensis roots was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in low-Se soils compared to medium- and high-Se soils. Rhizobacterial diversity showed significant positive correlations (p < 0.05) with both total and bioavailable soil Se contents. The levels of soil Se and growth stages of C. hupingshanensis were found to have significant effects (p < 0.03) on the compositions of rhizosphere bacteria and C. hupingshanensis endophytes. Low-abundance bacteria (< 5%), including Gemmatimonadetes, Latescibacteria and Nitrospirae, were identified to potentially increase the bioavailable Se levels in the rhizosphere. The Se accumulation significantly decreased (p < 0.05) in C. hupingshanensis grown in sterilized low- (32.4%), medium- (17%) and high-Se (42%) soils. Endophytes in C. hupingshanensis, such as Firmicutes and Proteobacteria, were likely recruited from the rhizobacteria, as evidenced by the isolated bacterial strains, and played an important role in Se hyperaccumulation, particularly during the flowering stage. This study provides new insights into potential mechanism underlying Se hyperaccumulation in C. hupingshanensis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115450
JournalEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2023


  • Cardamine hupingshanensis
  • Endophyte
  • Rhizobacteria
  • Rhizosphere soil
  • Se hyperaccumulator


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