Large-Eddy Simulation of Compound Channels with Staged Floodplains: Flow Interactions and Turbulent Structures

Prateek Kumar Singh, Xiaonan Tang*, Hamidreza Rahimi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Numerous sources of overtopping and flood events suggest different cross-sectional land characteristics of the river and urban river water systems. Multiple stages of floodplains in compound channels are viable in urban areas to facilitate bank slope stability and a higher discharge capacity for different flow rates. The complexity of the contiguous floodplains’ compound channel flows manifold with the interactive geometry and roughness of the surrounding floodplains. In the present study, a large-eddy simulation study is undertaken to investigate the turbulent structure of open channels with multiple-stage floodplains. The validation uses experimental data collected at individual contiguous multiple-stage floodplains for three depth ratios from shallow to deep flow regimes. The wall-modelled large eddy simulations were validated with the depth-averaged velocity, primary velocity and secondary currents. Furthermore, the impact of the multiple-stage floodplains on the instantaneous flow fields and large-scale vortical structures is predicted herein. It was found that vortical structures affect the distribution of the momentum exchange over multiple-stage floodplains.

Original languageEnglish
Article number983
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • compound open channel
  • LES
  • numerical modelling
  • river engineering
  • secondary current
  • turbulence
  • turbulent structure


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