Knotting behaviour of polymer chains in the melt state for soft-core models with and without slip-springs

Zhenghao Wu, Simon A.N. Alberti, Jurek Schneider, Florian Müller-Plathe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


We analyse the knotting behaviour of linear polymer melts in two types of soft-core models, namely dissipative-particle dynamics and hybrid-particle-field models, as well as their variants with slip-springs which are added to recover entangled polymer dynamics. The probability to form knots is found drastically higher in the hybrid-particle-field model compared to its parent hard-core molecular dynamics model. By comparing the knottedness in dissipative-particle dynamics and hybrid-particle-fieldmodels with and without slip-springs, we find the impact of slip-springs on the knotting properties to be negligible. As a dynamic property, we measure the characteristic time of knot formation and destruction, and find it to be (i) of the same order as single-monomer motion and (ii) independent of the chain length in all soft-core models. Knots are therefore formed and destroyed predominantly by the unphysical chain crossing. This work demonstrates that the addition of slip-springs does not alter the knotting behaviour, and it provides a general understanding of knotted structures in these two soft-core models of polymer melts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number244001
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Molecular modelling
  • Polymer knotting
  • Slip-spring


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