## Abstract

A generalisation of Kingman’s model of selection and mutation has been made in a previous paper which assumes all mutation probabilities to be i.i.d. The weak convergence of fitness distributions to a globally stable equilibrium was proved. The condensation occurs if almost surely a positive proportion of the population travels to and condensates on the largest fitness value due to the dominance of selection over mutation. A criterion of condensation was given which relies on the equilibrium whose explicit expression is however unknown. This paper tackles these problems based on the discovery of a matrix representation of the random model. An explicit expression of the equilibrium is obtained and the key quantity in the condensation criterion can be estimated. Moreover we examine how the design of randomness in Kingman’s model affects the fitness level of the equilibrium by comparisons between different models. The discovered facts are conjectured to hold in other more sophisticated models.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 870-896 |

Number of pages | 27 |

Journal | Journal of Statistical Physics |

Volume | 181 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Nov 2020 |

## Keywords

- Bose–Einstein condensation
- House of cards
- Mutation–selection balance
- Population dynamics
- Random matrices
- Size-biased distribution