Involvement of oxidative stress in placental dysfunction, the pathophysiology of fetal death and pregnancy disorders

Zakia Sultana, Yixue Qiao, Kaushik Maiti, Roger Smith*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The placenta is a source of reactive oxygen free radicals due to the oxidative metabolism required to meet the demands of the growing fetus. The placenta has an array of efficient antioxidant defense systems to deal with rising oxidative stress created by free radicals during pregnancy. Properly controlled physiological (low-level) free radical production is a necessary part of cellular signaling pathways and downstream activities during normal placental development; however, poorly controlled oxidative stress can cause aberrant placentation, immune disturbances and placental dysfunction. Abnormal placental function and immune disturbances are linked to many pregnancy-related disorders, including early and recurrent pregnancy loss, fetal death, spontaneous preterm birth, preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction. This review discusses the role of placental oxidative stress in both normal and pathological settings. Finally, based on previously published work, this review presents multiple lines of evidence for the strong association between oxidative stress and adverse pregnancy outcomes, including fetal death and pregnancies with a high risk of fetal death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R25-R38
JournalReproduction
Volume166
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes

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