International patent systems strength 1998-2011

Nikolaos Papageorgiadis*, Adam R. Cross, Constantinos Alexiou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper we report on a composite index of international patent systems strength for 48 developing and industrialized countries annually from 1998 to 2011. Building upon earlier indices we develop a conceptual framework informed by transaction cost theory and derive measures which emphasize the importance of enforcement-related aspects of the patent system of countries. Findings reveal harmonization of the regulative aspects of patent protection internationally in the post-TRIPs era but not of overall national patent systems. The index should inform studies on the relationship between national patent systems and a range of international business and other phenomena.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)586-597
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of World Business
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Intellectual property
  • National patent systems index
  • Patent
  • Patent enforcement
  • Patent system development


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