Interface engineering by atomically thin layer tungsten disulfide catalyst for high performance Li–S battery

Mei Er Pam, Shaozhuan Huang, Shuang Fan, Dechao Geng, Dezhi Kong, Song Chen, Meng Ding, Lu Guo, Lay Kee Ang, Hui Ying Yang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Owing to high aspect ratio of edge sites and superior catalytic activity, atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) show great promise to tailor the electrolyte/electrode interface properties for high performance lithium-sulfur battery (Li–S battery). However, the TMDCs that engineer the electrode/electrolyte interface are usually produced through chemical hydrothermal methods, which show low crystallinity and thick multilayer structure. Herein, a highly crystalline and atomically thin tungsten disulfides on carbon cloth (WS2@CC) was developed via chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and served as an effective electrode/electrolyte interface for Li–S battery. Our results demonstrate that the atomically thin WS2 with high crystal quality and abundant edges sites can effectively accelerates the redox kinetics of sulfur/lithium polysulfides and regulates the precipitation/decomposition of insoluble Li2S. More importantly, it was revealed that the hierarchical flower-stacked WS2 with excessive exposed catalytic edges shows extremely strong polysulfide adsorption, which causes the sulfur species aggregation and passivation on the WS2@CC surface, thus resulting in deformed rate performance and poor cycling stability as compared to the few-layer WS2@CC. Our work provides a new insight into the structural engineering of TMDCs by CVD for Li–S battery, and suggests the importance of rational chemisorption and catalysis of the interface to realize the high-performance Li–S battery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100380
JournalMaterials Today Energy
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atomically thin layer
  • Interlayer
  • Lithium sulfur battery
  • Structural engineering
  • Tungsten disulfide

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